“Did”? Wild monkeys still live in Europe.
Barbary apes live on the Rock of Gibraltar, a British colony at the gateway to the Mediterranean Sea on the southern tip of Spain.
Despite the name, this “ape” is really a monkey related to the rhesus monkey of India, and should probably be renamed, more accurately, the Barbary macaque.
The British government protects the monkeys on Gibraltar. Legend has it that the monkeys once returned the favor by warning the British of a sneak attack by the Spanish Armada.
According to tradition, the British will always hold the rock as long as the monkeys live there.
There are only 5,000 Barbary apes worldwide, with the bulk of them living in remote areas of Morocco and Algeria, in northern Africa.