Over some men’s objections, Dr. Mary Walker was named an assistant surgeon for the Union army in Tennessee in 1863.
She wore a regular officer’s uniform, with a few minor adjustments, and she continued to wear trousers even after the war.
Captured in 1864, she spent several months as a prisoner of war.
After the war, in 1865, she became the first woman to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor.
Clara Barton spent about twenty years as a schoolteacher and patent office clerk. When the Civil War began, she organized supply deliveries for soldiers and went on to found the American Red Cross.