The name Iran means “Land of the Aryans.”
Iranians have always called their country Iran, even when the rest of the world referred to it as Persia.
The name Persia comes from a southern region of the country, Parsa, and has been used by outsiders to refer to the entire country since about the sixth-century B.C.
Iran finally requested in 1935 that the world officially recognize “Iran” as the country’s name.
The capital of Iran is Tehran, which is the political and industrial center of the nation.