After the American Revolution in the 1700s many people believed that the duty of educated women was to raise good citizens (meaning male citizens).
Most educated women accepted this task, but some went further and started their own schools. Others started literary clubs, and still others took up writing.
Mercy Otis Warren ridiculed the British in several plays published in the 1770s and later wrote a three-volume history of the American Revolution.
In Baltimore in 1809 Elizabeth Seton started a new Catholic order of nuns, the Sisters of Charity of St. Joseph.
Seton was considered a saint during her lifetime, and in 1975 the Catholic Church officially made her a saint, the first one born in America.