Throughout the 1930s working women of all ethnicities, Chinese, Japanese, African, Mexican, Polish, Russian, Jewish, Italian, joined unions, increasing their membership threefold.
In some cases, even during the depression years, women staged successful strikes.
In 1933 in St. Louis, for example, black women pecan workers walked out, demanding the same pay and conditions that white women workers had.
They were joined by the white workers, who refused an offer of more pay from the employers, and they won.
Women also supported men’s strikes.
In 1937, when Michigan autoworkers held a sit-down strike inside the factory, the Women’s Emergency Brigade brought the men food, picketed, and fended off the police.
This strike gave birth to the United Auto Workers (UAW) union.
During the Great Depression the government forced thousands of people of Mexican descent, including many U.S. citizens, to leave the United States for Mexico.