After escaping from slavery in 1849, Harriet Tubman bravely returned to the South almost twenty times to lead 200 to 300 slaves, including her mother and father, to freedom.
She was one of the most famous conductors on the Underground Railroad, a secret, loosely organized system for guiding slaves (“passengers”) to freedom in the North.
Tubman constantly had to think quickly.
One time, when she thought slave hunters were on her trail, she did the opposite of what they expected: she took her group on a southbound, rather than a northbound, train until the danger was past.
She was so effective that slave owners promised $40,000 as a reward for her capture.
But she was never caught.