Not all women wanted the right to vote, and those who did split into two sides as a result of the debate over the 15th Amendment.
In 1869 Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton set up the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) to push for women’s right to vote.
They did not support the 15th Amendment because they felt women should be given the vote at the same time as African American men.
Lucy Stone, writer Julia Ward Howe (best known for the lyrics of “The Battle Hymn of the Republic”), and others started a different group, the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA), which supported the 15th Amendment. Even after the 15th Amendment passed, the two groups remained separate for some twenty years.
The NWSA, considered the more radical organization, wanted to gain a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote; it also argued for equal pay for women and better working conditions.
The AWSA emphasized getting women the vote state by state rather than through a constitutional amendment. It was less concerned with working women’s issues.
The National Woman Suffrage Association put out a women’s right weekly called the Revolution. The American Woman Suffrage Association also had a publication, called the Woman’s journal.
During the 1868 elections women in Vineland, New Jersey, held a demonstration of their right to vote.
About 175 white and black women cast ballots in a box under the eyes of a woman election “Judge.”