Jesus was both a prophet and a messiah. Many non-Christian religions consider Jesus of Nazareth to be a holy or revered prophet. Christians, however, believe he was indeed a prophet but much more than that. Prophets are not fortune tellers who gaze into crystal balls, read tea leaves, or use tarot cards. Prophets rarely, but occasionally, predict the future. The main function and job of a prophet is to teach; that is, to speak to the people in the name of the Lord.
Catholic Christianity sees Jesus simultaneously as a priest, a prophet, and a king. Others before Him were and could only be one of those at a time. Priests sanctified, prophets taught, and kings ruled. Priests offered sacrifice in the temple. Jesus offered the supreme sacrifice of His very self on the altar of the cross. He became both priest (the one who makes the sacrifice) and victim (the one who is sacrificed) by willingly laying down His life to save sinners.
Kings have authority; they govern their subjects and their territory. Jesus spoke of the reign of God and the kingdom of heaven. He had authority over unclean spirits and over physical disabilities. He commanded the dead to rise, and they did. He said his kingdom was not of this world.
Prophets teach and speak on behalf of God. Jesus taught in the synagogues, in the temple, in the towns and cities. He preached a message of mercy and forgiveness. He spoke what the Father sent him to speak just as all the prophets before him had. The only difference was that Jesus as the Son of God was one with God the Father. The fullness of truth and grace were revealed by Jesus, hence there was no need for any more prophets after Him.
We refer to Jesus as the Messiah, which in Hebrew means “anointed one.” Greek uses the word christos for the same meaning, hence Christ means “anointed one” or Messiah. Christ was not Jesus’ surname but a title, just like Savior or Redeemer.