In the 1600s English Catholics such as Margaret Brent settled in Maryland, which was set up as a safe colony for Catholics.
In the French colonies in Canada and the Spanish colonies in Florida and the Southwest, a number of Native American women were converted to Catholicism by missionaries, who were mostly men at that time.
Kateri Tekakwitha, a Mohawk woman, was stoned by her people when she converted in 1676. Tekakwitha became a nun noted for her strong faith. After she died, people who visited her tomb reported miraculous cures.
In 1980 the Catholic Church beatified her, a major step toward her being named a saint.
When Kateri Tekakwitha died in 1680, at age 24, it was said that the smallpox scars on her face suddenly disappeared, making her beautiful.