The true Church of Jesus Christ contains four marks (or characteristics). Byzantine Catholics recognize the four marks. There are different rites or liturgical traditions in the Catholic Church. The common term to denote different rites are Eastern or Western, which depends upon the origin of the liturgical tradition. If the rites are in union with Rome then they are a part of the Catholic Church, also known as the Latin Rite, which in the West is by far the largest. There are certain local rites, such as the Ambrosian Rite in Milan and the Mozarabic Rite in Toledo, Spain.
In the East there are many different rites, of which the Byzantine Rite is by far the largest. This rite includes smaller variations such as Albanian, Bulgarian, Byelorussian, Georgian, Greek, Italo-Albanian, Melkite, Hungarian, Russian, Ruthenian, Romanian, Ukrainian, Yugoslav, and Slovak. The Alexandrian Rite includes the Coptic and Abyssinian Rites. The Antiochene Rite includes Chaldean and Syro -Malabarese, Maronite, and Syrian. Finally, there is the Armenian rite descended from the first people to embrace Christianity.
In some cases, the Eastern Rites do have an Orthodox counterpart. The Orthodox broke their ties with the Catholic Church in the twelfth century. Some of the Rites returned to the Catholic Church in the seventeenth century. Pejoratively, they are referred to by the Orthodox Church as Uniates, because these churches sought union with Rome. Since the Second Vatican Council, there has been a return to and respect for the Eastern Rites to be preserved as part of the Universal Church’s heritage. Many of the Eastern Churches were “Latinized” and asked by the Council Fathers to return to their liturgical roots.