Backed by the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which made job discrimination illegal, women ended a variety of unfair employment practices.
“Help Wanted” listings could no longer be separated into jobs for men only or women only, unless there was a valid reason for this division.
Stewardesses could no longer be forced to retire if they married or reached age 32.
Magazines such as Newsweek and newspapers such as the New York Times were compelled to revise hiring and promotion policies that left women in the lowest-paid positions.
Companies such as AT&T, which employed thousands of women, had to give millions of dollars in back pay to women who had been treated unfairly.
Even leading universities faced lawsuits if they did not give women an equal chance to become professors.
Women’s relative pay dropped from 60 cents for every dollar a man earned in 1960 to 59 cents in 1970. Women of color typically earned even less.