In 1983, after about five years of training, physicist Sally Ride became the first woman in space.
She has been followed by a number of other women, including Mae Jemison, the first African American woman in space (1992), and Ellen Ochoa, the first Latina in space (1993).
In 1995 Eileen Collins became the first woman astronaut to pilot a spacecraft. In 1997 Shannon Lucid set a record for the longest time spent in space by any U.S. astronaut, more than six months.
Astronaut Sally Ride displays her tool kit on the space shuttle before taking off to become the first U.S. woman in space in 1983.