Born to a Jewish family in what was Uthen Russia, Emma Goldman came to America in 1885, at age 16.
By the early 1900s she was known as a dynamic speaker for radical causes.
As an anarchist, opposed to all established forms of authority, she said she was “against everything that hinders human growth.” When hecklers or police officers tried to silence her, she stood up for free speech.
From 1906 to 1917 she co-edited the radical magazine Mother Earth and wrote influential political essays.
In 1917 she was jailed for opposing the wartime draft, and in 1919 she was expelled from America as a supposedly dangerous revolutionary.
At the time she was called Red Emma because she supported the 1917 Russian Revolution, during which the “Reds” (Communists) overthrew the czar.