One of the greatest American artists of the 19th century was Mary Cassatt.
In the late 1870s and 1880s she showed her works in Paris with Impressionist painters such as Claude Monet and Edgar Degas.
Today, almost every major American art museum has one of her paintings on display. Many of Cassatt’s works portray tender, loving moments between women and children.
Among the many other important women artists at the end of the 1800s were two Native American women: Nampeyo reinterpreted ancient Hopi designs in her pottery and Datsolalee (Louisa Keyser) experimented with new designs in her baskets.
In 1883 poet Emma Lazarus wrote a verse to help a fundraising effort for the Statue of Liberty.
This poem, with its famous lines “Give me your tired, your poor,/Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free”, was later inscribed at the statue’s base.