After the worship of the one true God, we honor His chief creation, Mary. She has many titles because she is the Mother of God. All her attributes, perfections, and privileges result in this most important of all her titles (mother of God) because she was chosen to bring forth the Savior of the world. The Ecumenical Council of Ephesus in 434 AD solemnly defined her as Theotokos, or the Mother of God. She is the mother of God not because she gave Jesus his divinity but because she gave him his sacred humanity. Another doctrine, the hypostatic Union, defines this miracle concisely: “one divine Person with two natures, divine and human.” Because it is a union of natures in the divine Person, Mary is considered the Mother of God.
Mary’s second most important title is Mother of the Church. During the Second Vatican Council, which took place in the mid-1960s, Pope Paul VI inserted Mary in the middle of Lumen Gentium (the dogmatic constitution on the Church) by calling her our Spiritual Mother; however, she became the Mother of the Church at the foot of the cross. Jesus gave his last and most prized possession before He died, His Mother. He turned to Saint John the Beloved Disciple and said, “Son, behold thy Mother.” Then He turned to His Mother and said, “Mother, behold thy Son.” From that moment on, Mary became the Mother of the Church. It is important to note that blood and water flowed from the side of Christ that day when the Church was born. Through baptism, we are all adopted children of God, adopted brothers and sisters of the Lord Jesus, and therefore Mary is also our adopted mother.
There are countless other titles which have been given to Mary over the two thousand years of the Church. Many are contained in a beautiful prayer entitled “The Litany of Our Lady of Loreto.” This litany is often prayed at the end of the rosary during the months of May and October, which are devoted to her, and is said on her feast days. Loreto is a little town in Italy on the Adriatic Coast where it is believed the holy house of Nazareth remains. Miraculously, this house was transported from Nazareth to Slovenia and finally to Italy by angels. The following are some of her titles that are prayed: Mother of Divine Grace, Most Pure, Chaste, Good Counsel, Prudent, Mirror of Justice, Seat of Wisdom, Cause of Our Joy, Queen of Angels, Queen of Saints, and Queen of the Most Holy Rosary. Other titles of Mary refer to special places where she has appeared, such as Our Lady of Lourdes, Our Lady of Fatima, and Our Lady of Mount Carmel.