In addition to injured military covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) that is enforced by the EEOC, all members of the military are covered by the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA), which is enforced by the Department of Labor. The USERRA prohibits employers from discriminating against employees due to their military status or military obligations.
Both of these laws require that employers provide reasonable accommodations to employees. The USERRA takes the ADA further by requiring employers to make reasonable efforts to aid the injured military person who is returning to a job he or she cannot physically do anymore because of his or her injuries. Some courts have interpreted this to mean that employers should provide accommodations, such as training for other jobs, retraining for the job that was left, a restructuring of that job to meet the abilities of the serviceperson, and other accommodations that go beyond what the ADA requires.
For more information on USERRA and how it is enforced go to www.dol.gov/vets.