A hundred years ago, most red wine was made by stomping on grapes, but not anymore.
Foot treading is now used for only a small quantity of the best port wines.
The rest of the grapes are pressed by machines.
Before modern winemaking, most presses were basket presses made of wood and operated manually.
Recently, however, modern mechanical basket presses have been revived through higher end producers seeking to replicate the gentle pressing of the historical basket presses.