In 1832 black and white women in Boston started an anti-slavery society.
The next year black and white women in Philadelphia joined forces after the American Antislavery Society, a national group, refused to admit women members.
Other women’s anti-slavery groups formed throughout the Northeast, although some were all white and some all black.
Women were finally allowed to join the men’s American Anti-Slavery Society in 1839, and they continued to protest slavery until it was abolished. Many of the women who were active in the abolitionist, or antislavery, movement later became leaders in the battle for women’s rights.
In 1837 about 200 women, including 20 African Americans, attended the first Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women.
The next year an angry mob threatened the interracial women’s convention and burned down its meeting hall at night. The women then urged all who opposed slavery to also fight racial prejudice.
Controversial Frances “Fanny” Wright was ridiculed for her beliefs, which included full equality for women, and for her style, which was bold and outspoken.