In 1972 Congress passed an important law.
Known as Title IX, this law prohibits sex discrimination in any school that receives funds from the federal government.
A major, unforeseen effect was to boost sports programs for girls.
Another law, the Women’s Education Equity Act of 1974, provided money for the development of nonsexist teaching materials.
Yale and Princeton opened their doors to women undergraduates in 1969 and 1970, respectively. In 1978 for the first time more women enrolled in college than men.