In her essay “On the Equality of the Sexes,” published in Boston in 1790, Judith Sargent Murray argued that women are as smart as men.
The difference, she said, was that women did not have equal educational opportunities.
Murray believed that if women had more education, they could teach their children to be better citizens and would not be helpless if their husbands died (which was not unusual at the time).
But Murray did not go as far as the British feminist Mary Wollstonecraft, whose 1792 book, A Vindication of the Rights of Women, was widely read in America.
Wollstonecraft claimed that women should have the same rights as men, not only in education but also in politics.