In 1916 Carrie Chapman Catt, NAWSA president, put forward what she called the “winning plan.”
Her goal was to get a constitutional amendment passed, so she detailed ways to put pressure on Congress.
She believed that women also had to continue fighting for the vote state by state to increase the number of women who could vote and thus increase pressure on both Congress and the states to pass a constitutional amendment.
A different approach was taken by the other major national suffrage group, the National Woman’s Party (NWP), headed by Alice Paul and modeled on the British suffragettes’ movement.
NWP women focused entirely on getting the vote at the federal level, by a constitutional amendment; they used dramatic protests to pressure the president and Congress.