In the early 1870s some African American women tried unsuccessfully to vote under the new 15th Amendment, which gave African American men the right to vote.
Other women refused to pay taxes, echoing the Revolutionary cry of “No taxation without representation.”
The main activity, however, was the formation of new state and local groups to fight for women’s suffrage, or right to vote.
In 1878 Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony arranged for a constitutional amendment on women’s suffrage to be presented to Congress. This amendment was presented again and again, for forty-one years, until it was finally passed.
In 1890 a new national suffrage organization was formed, the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA); it united Lucy Stone’s group with Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s group.
Women got referendums on suffrage put on a number ofstate ballots, and in this way won the vote in Colorado in 1893 and Idaho in 1896.
But there were no more victories until 1910. Fiery activist Victoria Woodhull attracted attention and publicity with her assertive ways.
An engraving was made illustrating her claiming her right to vote at the polls.