Each government agency, federal and state, has a website with great information on where you need to take your complaint. For unemployment benefits and workers’ compensation issues, you only need to deal with your state office. If you have a discrimination complaint, find your state office and EEOC office. You can look up your local directory to find your state office, or you can go to the website www.eeoc.gov. While there may be some reasons to file with the federal agency instead of the state agency, in most cases an employee’s complaint will have a dual filing in both locations.
If you have a complaint that falls under the Department of Labor, things become more confusing. The federal Department of Labor is made up of several other agencies, such as OSHA, so if the complaint falls under that heading, you may need to file with the federal DOL. However, your state’s DOL office may be one that handles many different areas of law, so the best idea is to go to that website first for more information. The other option, of course, is to contact an employment attorney who can point you in the right direction.