In the 1770s “manufacturing houses” in America began employing women to make cotton thread and cloth.
Most women, however, continued to do household work, either in their own homes or as servants.
Many women also helped with farming.
In Texas and other parts of Spanish America, some women ran huge ranches. In 1790, for example, Maria Hinojosa de Balli took charge of an estate that covered a third of the Rio Grande Valley.
The first American to work at a loom run by power was probably Deborah Skinner in Waltham, Massachusetts, in 1814.