A number of Chicanas formed their own women’s rights organizations in the early 1970s, within the context of the broader Mexican American civil rights struggle.
The first national conference of Chicanas was held in Houston, Texas, in 1971. In 1974 the Mexican American Women’s National Association (MANA) was formed.
The group protested the practice of sterilizing Mexican American women without their consent, which meant they could no longer bear children. The National Conference of Puerto Rican Women was started in 1972.
The Organization of Pan Asian American Women was started in 1976 to coordinate the work of groups of women of Asian and Pacific Islander descent.
In 1929 Maria Hernandez and her husband, Pedro, started a group in Texas to push for Mexican American civil rights.
Other women were active in such reform groups as the league of United Latin American Citizens.
Concha Ortizy Pino de Kleven was the first Chic,ma elected to a state legislature, in New Mexico in 1936.