There are no medical tests to determine if a child or teen has Asperger’s Disorder. Unlike a medical condition where a blood, X-ray, or CT scan test provides exact answers, Asperger’s Disorder has no definitive test. Despite some physicians using such medical techniques as EEG or QEEG (Electroencephalogram and Quantitative Electroencephalogram), no medical test currently exists that can determine if someone has Asperger’s Disorder. Such procedures are not supported by the vast majority of physicians for the purpose of diagnosing Asperger’s Disorder.
All children should see a pediatrician for regular checkups and vaccinations. Children with Asperger’s Disorder tend to have more unusual medical conditions than the average child and thus need a thorough medical evaluation. Some children with Asperger’s Disorder will need to be referred by their pediatrician to a medical specialist depending on their particular medical condition. Estimates of 12–37 percent of children with Asperger’s Disorder may have one of the following medical disorders:
• Chromosomal abnormalities
• Thyroid disorder
• Neurological disorders
• Neurofibromatosis (soft tumors all over the body)
• Tuberous sclerosis (tumor-like growths on the brain, retina, or viscera)