The Five Pillars of Islam are five basic acts in Islam, considered obligatory for all Muslims.
Considered a sign of committment to Islam, the Five Pillars are:
- The shahadah (creed)
- Daily prayers (salat)
- Almsgiving (zakah)
- Fasting during Ramadan
- The pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) at least once in a lifetime
Every able-bodied Muslim must make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime if he or she can afford it.
Ritual fasting takes place during the month of Ramadan, and is obligatory for every Muslim over the age of 11.
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar.