Women wrote all kinds of fiction, from historical romances to murder mysteries to autobiographical stories to experimental works.
They also wrote biographies of famous women, comic and tragic plays, and powerful poems.
One of the major fiction writers of the period was Willa Lather, who portrayed strong female characters in her novels about life on the Nebraska frontier, O Pioneers! (1913) and My Antonia (1918).
Another important fiction writer, Edith Wharton, described the social conflicts in upper-class New York society at the turn of the century.
Today she is probably best known for such classics as Ethan Frome (1911) and The Age of Innocence (1920).