During the war Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Lucretia Mott, and many other women’s rights leaders focused their energies on ending slavery.
They formed the National Woman’s Loyal League in May 1863 and gathered signatures in support of a constitutional amendment to end slavery throughout the United States.
In fifteen months they collected an amazing 400,000 signatures. In January 1865 Congress passed the 13th Amendment, abolishing all slavery.
This amendment was approved by the states by the end of 1865.
On April 9, 1865, Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union general Ulysses S. Grant, bringing an end to the Civil War.
Over 600,000 soldiers (probably including some women) had been killed—more Americans than in any war before or after.
Women in the North and South mourned for the loved ones who had died; almost every family lost someone.