Evidence-based practices in psychiatry refers to treatment strategies that have been studied and found to be effective in helping people with psychiatric disabilities move forward in recovery. They’re sometimes also referred to as “best practices.” This is a growing list, but there are a few things to note. First, just because something is found to be effective for some, it may not be helpful for all. Secondly, if a particular therapy is not considered “evidence based” that does not mean it is without benefit, just that it has not been adequately studied and/or received the designation.
Evidence-based practices include:
• Family psychoeducation
• Psychopharmacology (medication management)
• Assertive community treatment teams (ACTT)
• Illness Management and Recovery skills (IMR)
• Supported employment, essentially doing whatever it takes to help someone move forward with her vocational goals. This can include on-the-job coaching and encouraging employment as soon as the individual displays willingness.
• Integrated dual-diagnosis treatment.