Communication disorders are disorders of speech and language. The various types of communication disorders range from simple sound substitutions to the inability to understand or use language. Odd language is part of Asperger’s Disorder, therefore evaluation by a speech pathologist is essential. Some children with Asperger’s Disorder will have both the odd use of language as part of Asperger’s Disorder and an additional communication disorder.
Expressive Language Disorders manifest in difficulties producing speech sounds, inappropriate use of sounds or words, stuttering, poor articulation, or problems with pitch, volume, or voice quality. Many of these are characteristic of Asperger’s Disorder. Children who have trouble understanding words and sentences are diagnosed with Mixed Receptive-Expressive Language Disorder.
Communication disorders are evaluated, diagnosed, and treated by speech pathologists, specialists with a master’s degree and license to practice speech therapy. Public schools provide speech therapy through their special education programs. While children with Asperger’s Disorder and/or communication disorders may qualify for the therapy, most speech pathologists agree that the limited amount of speech therapy provided by public schools is usually insufficient, and parents may therefore want to seek additional speech therapy from a private speech pathologist.
Problems of mood and self esteem can result from communication disorders as children may be teased and rejected by their peers.