The site selected should have as few changes as possible to existing trees and vegetation. The way the structure sits on the site should allow for the maximum use of natural light going into the building. Landscaping should incorporate storm water runoff and rain water retention. Demolition materials taken from the site should be recycled.
As much construction material as possible should be recycled material or material that comes from renewable sources.
• Installation of energy-efficeient products. These are items that use low energy from outside solar lighting and fluorescent interior bulbs to energy star appliances and full solar panel systems.
• Water conservation. Installation of water-efficient fixtures in the bathroom, kitchen, and laundry room.
• Construction products. Use products in the interior of the home that do not release significant pollutants into the environment.
These organizations screen and certify products
as being “green”
• Carpet & Rug Institute Green Label, Certifies that the product is low emitting for chemicals. Used on carpet, carpet padding, adhesives, and other items for carpeting.
• Energy Star, Certifies the energy efficiency on building products and appliances.
• Forest Stewardship Council, Certifies that the wood products come from managed forests.
• Greenguard, Certifies that the furniture product is low emitting for chemicals.
• Greenseal, Certifies that the building products are produced in an environmentally conscious method.
• LEED, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, Certification from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC).
• Scientific Certification Systems, Certifies that the product meets the EPA’s environmentally preferable standards.