The last ice age is said to be responsible for the extinction of many large creatures, called “megafauna”, including the woolly mammoth and the mastodon.
For years, their fossils spawned mysterious tales about dragons, unicorns, and giants.
Putting to rest these mythological creatures, serious study of the large mammals of the Ice Age began in the 1700s and continues today.
Megafauna from the Pleistocene epoch (Ice Age) included giant saber-toothed cats (including tigers), the woolly rhinoceros, the giant ox, giant deer, an enormous armadillo-like animal called a glyptodont, a giant vulture (with a wingspan of over 13 feet), a giant bear, a giant beaver, and a large camel.
In Australia, specifically, lived a giant marsupial called the diprotodon, a giant flat-faced kangaroo, a marsupial lion, a large spiny anteater, and a gigantic, chicken-like, flightless bird.
There have not been many extinct megafauna creatures found in Africa because large mammals, the elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, and giraffe, never became extinct.
Some believe it is because the weather patterns in that part of the world did not drastically change during the Ice Age.