A personality disorder includes a long-standing pattern of problems in perceiving, relating, and thinking about others and oneself. We all have less-than-desirable aspects to our personalities, but when those aspects become inflexible and cause significant problems in personal, social, and occupational functioning, they are considered to be a disorder. Schizoid Personality Disorder (Schizoid PD) is characterized by severe problems in relating to others. Its symptoms include:
• Lack of desire for close relationships
• Detachment from emotions
• Lack of empathy
• Solitary lifestyle
• Detachment from others
• Limited ability to experience pleasure in activities
These symptoms are very similar to those of Asperger’s Disorder, making it difficult to separate the two disorders. Asperger’s Disorder has more prominent and restricted patterns of interest and more observable deficits when interacting with others. The other distinction is that while individuals with Schizoid PD have little desire for friends, those with Asperger’s Disorder want friends and suffer feelings of loneliness.
Typically, children are not diagnosed with personality disorders, thus it would be unusual to have your child diagnosed with Schizoid PD. However adolescents, and more commonly, adults with Asperger’s Disorder might be diagnosed with Schizoid PD. Some researchers think that Asperger’s Disorder and Schizoid PD might actually be one in the same.