A pediatric neurologist is a medical doctor who diagnoses and treats disorders of the nervous system in children and adolescents. This includes diseases of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles.
A pediatric neurologist may serve as a consultant to other physicians as well as provide long-term care to patients with chronic neurological disorders. Any child diagnosed with Asperger’s Disorder or thought to have Asperger’s Disorder should see a pediatric neurologist to evaluate their neurological functioning.
Neurologists perform tests of nerve functioning by having the child engage in specific motor and mental tasks. If brain or central nervous system dysfunction is suspected, the neurologist may suggest an EEG, CT, MRI, or other scans of the brain. These tests are not necessary in an evaluation for Asperger’s Disorder and cannot determine the presence or absence of Asperger’s Disorder, but they may be necessary to evaluate other nervous system disorders, which tend to be more frequent in children with Asperger’s Disorder than nondisordered children.
If a condition is present, the neurologist will provide medical treatment and monitoring. Once your child is given a clean bill of nervous system health, he generally will not see the neurologist again. Neurologists will likely be able to provide you with a referral for psychological and behavioral treatment.