In the 1970s for the first time women became FBI agents, jet pilots for major airlines, and steelworkers.
Despite these and other breakthroughs, there were still relatively few women in top executive positions.
Although many women were teachers, only a few held the top positions. Especially at the university level, women were much less likely than men to get the top teaching jobs.
At the Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, for example, only 1 woman was a tenured professor compared with 410 men in 1970.
In the public schools, more than 80 percent of the principals were men in 1970. Few women headed colleges or universities: in fact, Smith College, one of the early women’s colleges, named its first woman president only in 1975, after it had been open for 100 years.