In 1918 the “Anthony Amendment,” giving women the right to vote, was passed in the U.S. House of Representatives, but the Senate defeated it.
In the 1918 elections suffragists campaigned against four key senators who opposed the amendment, and two of them lost their seats.
In 1919 both the House and the Senate approved the measure. Now it had to be approved by thirty-six states to become law.
Within a week the Wisconsin, Michigan, and Illinois legislatures agreed to it, and within a year thirty-five states had approved it. Only one more was needed, but state after state postponed its vote.
Finally, in August 1920, the measure was passed, by one vote, in Tennessee. Seventy-two years after the first women’s rights convention in Seneca Falls, women won the right to vote.
In 1919, when an African American women’s club group tried to join the National American Woman Suffrage Association, it was asked to wait until suffrage passed.
The white NAWSA leaders were afraid they would lose support from southern states if the black women joined.