The Department of Labor oversees many government agencies that have to deal with workplace issues. Generally, when an employee has questions or wishes to file a complaint against his or her employer regarding wages, commissions, bonuses, or overtime, the Department of Labor is the place to go.
Other agencies that come under the DOL include:
• Bureau of International Labor Affairs;
• Center for Faith-Based and Community Initiatives;
• Employee Benefits Security Administration;
• Employment Standard Administration;
• Employment and Training Administration;
• Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program;
• Mine Safety and Health Administration;
• Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA);
• Office of Disability Employment Policy;
• Office of Federal Contract Compliance Program;
• Office of Labor-Management Standards;
• Office of Workers’ Compensation Programs (OWCP);
• Veterans’ Employment and Training Service;
• Wage and Hour Division; and,
• Women’s Bureau.
The DOL enforces any laws enacted by these agencies. For example, if you file an OSHA complaint against your employer, the DOL will be the agency that reviews the complaint and decides if the employer is in violation of that OSHA law. This is a very simplistic view of the DOL. Remember that the DOL has multiple layers of administrative rules and procedures in addition to the rules and procedures of the agencies that it oversees.