The term Quark was coined in James Joyce’s Finnegan’s Wake.
The line goes, “Three quarks for Muster Markl Sure he hasn’t got much of a bark.”
The quark, as it came to be called in the realm of physics, was proposed independently by two renowned physicists, Murray Gell-Mann and George Zweig, in 1963.
Zweig called the mathematical particle a “kwork” or something like it.
Cell-Mann adopted Joyce’s quark.
Both suggested that quarks, grouped together, made up various parts of electrons and protons.
Quarks come in six types: strange, charm, bottom, top, up, and down.
Each of these types comes in varying colors: blue, green, or red.
The proton, as a basic example, is believed to be made up of three quarks, two up quarks and a down quark.