Fa-hsien was born in the Chinese city of Shansi sometime in the fourth century A.D. As a young man, Fa-hsien became an avid follower of Buddha. He resolved to visit India to see where the Buddha had lived his life and visit temples and shrines of Buddhist teaching.
According to an books and merchants who traded silks and carpets with Persians in the Middle East. Tsang spent 16 years in India. When he returned to China, he was received by the Chinese emperor, who was so impressed with Tsang’s accounts that he offered him a post in his court.
Tsang respectfully declined and devoted the rest of his life to translating into Chinese the massive amount of Buddhist documents that he had carried from India.