Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian explorer, was startled when he learned of Peary’s feat. Since he was a young boy, Amundsen had dreamed of being the first man to the North Pole.
He had even been preparing a voyage when the news of Peary’s triumph reached him. To salvage the funds and energy already invested in the expedition, Amundsen abruptly changed his plans.
Instead of seeking the North Pole, he resolved to reach the South Pole in Antarctica, where no man or woman had yet set foot.
In 1911, Amundsen directed his ship, the Fram, into the Ross Sea, just off the coast of Antarctica. For the first part of the year, Amundsen and his men unloaded supplies and built camps.
Just 400 miles to the west, a group of English explorers led by Robert Falcon Scott also prepared to reach the Pole. The journey to the South Pole had become a race.