In 1946 Emily Greene Balch became the second U.S. woman, after Jane Addams, to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Like Addams, she helped found the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF).
When Balch lost her teaching job at Wellesley College in 1919 because of her pacifist views, she put most of her energies into the peace movement.
In 1946 the YWCA finally ended its practice of separate branches for whites and blacks and began to integrate its programs.
As World War II approached, she spoke out against the attacks by the Japanese on the Chinese and by the Nazis on the Jews.
She supported the U.S. war effort, but condemned the internment of Japanese Americans and urged the government to ease immigration restrictions for Jewish refugees.
Balch gave most of her prize money to the WILPF.