Norway is called the land of the midnight sun because the northern part of Norway is located above the Arctic Circle, where the sun shines 24 hours a day from mid-May to mid-July.
In the winter months, the reverse happens, and the sun does not appear even during the daytime.
Norway has a population of about 4.8 million people, and is one of the most sparsely populated countries in Europe.
The capital city of Norway is Oslo, and its extensive coastline is home to its famous fjords.
Norway has the largest capital reserve per capita, and is the third wealthiest country in the world.
Norway has been inhabited by human settlements since at least the 10th millennium B.C.